What’s coconut oil? Coconut oil (also known as copra) is an oil that’s extracted from the kernel (the white meat in a coconut) of mature coconuts. The scientific name of the coconut palm is Cocos nucifera.


The coconuts are harvested from the coconut palm tree 10 to 12 months after the flower has been pollinated. It has numerous applications in the food, health, and beauty industries. The oil is comprises about 90% saturated fat, 6% mono unsaturated fat, and 3 percent poly unsaturated fat. It’s edible, exactly like olive oil or coconut oil. Unlike other polyunsaturated and saturated fats, it consists of mostly medium-chain fatty acids (also known as MCFAs).

It’s the new darling of the Internet generation, being hailed as a miracle oil. As its popularity grows, so do all of the questions about it. As an example, how can it be created, what are the different kinds, what are its uses, how it needs to be stored, what are its advantages, what do the terms on the labels mean, and which ones should you purchase?

Coconut oil

Coconut oil is quite high in saturated fat, making it slow to turn rancid. All kinds of this oil are stable at room temperature. This oil is more secure than other oils since it mainly contains medium chain fatty acids. These medium chain triglycerides (also known as MCTs) are saturated fats. The oil’s look can vary, depending on the temperature of the space. The oil is liquid above 76 degrees Fahrenheit, and is going to be a solid below that temperature.

When the oil is strong, it’s white and thick. When the oil is liquid, it’s very clear and easy to pour. The saturated fat content makes coconut oil quite secure in heat, meaning it has a high smoke point and a high flash point. The saturated fat content also gives the oil a long shelf life. The temperature where the good oil gets liquid is extremely close to room temperature. It’s therefore very simple to change its form.

Did you know?

It is possible to melt coconut oil by employing a low heat source to itas subtle as the palm of the hand. It is possible to solidify liquid coconut oil by putting it into a fridge. This oil is quite stable, and can be kept in either its liquid or solid form. It doesn’t have to be refrigerated, but should be protected from UV rays. Its shelf life can be a number of decades long. Coconut oil is is increasing so quickly in popularity due to its therapeutic, anti-inflammatory properties.

Dieters also love coconut oil due to its metabolism encouraging medium chain triglycerides (also known as MCTs). Many people avoid eating coconut oil since they’re taught that all saturated fats are bad for their health. Americans have been taught that saturated fats may result in obesity, higher cholesterol, and cardiovascular disease.

Take into account

Not only are organic, non-hydrogenated fats safe to eat, they can also be a part of a very healthy, balanced diet, due to their anti-inflammatory properties. Coconut oil has gained a huge following from the paleo diet world, and for good reason. Because coconut oil contains mostly medium-chain fatty acids, it’s digested easily and completely. This aids the body easily turn it into energy. Coconut oil is quite high in lauric acid (another source of lauric acid is human breast milk). Lauric acid is a favorite in homeopathic products, and is very sought after in those sectors.

Other fats, nut oils, and vegetable oils are composed of long chain fatty acids, or long-chain triglycerides. Long chain fatty acids are bigger molecules which are more difficult for the body to convert and are then stored as fat. The medium chain acids in coconut oil raise your metabolism and will help train your body to utilize sorted fat for a power resource. It’s often used for cooking, particularly for frying, as it has a high smoke point.

Did you know?

The smoke point of coconut oil is about 180 degrees Fahrenheit. For an adult to find a change in their diet, they would normally consume about 4 tbsp of coconut oil every day. When cooking with any petroleum, it is wise to not heat it outside its smoke point. This is where the oil begins to break down, and have to be discarded after use. Cold pressed oils are appropriate for lower heats, or functioning raw, and have a pronounced coconut taste. Expeller pressed oils are wonderful for frying and may be tasteless and odorless.

It has also become highly popular in the body hacking circles. It gained tremendous momentum in the recipe for bulletproof java, and can be mixed with cacao and honey for a power booster. What type of coconut oil should I purchase? Are all coconut oils the same? Food and product labeling can be tricky with any product, and there are a lot of diverse kinds, with many diverse labels and claims. Like with any product, it is a fantastic idea to read the label.

We’ll cover the various labels and terms used for marketing first, then cover the various manufacturing methods in the next section. You’ll want to read that section also, as it defines which processes are compound, and which are organic. Some oils can be hydrogenated or partially hydrogenated. The process of hydrogenating oils increases the shelf life of foods that contain these things, and is deemed unhealthy. They’re found in processed foods and junk foods. From a marketing perspective, if something is not tagged with the production process or the phrases we cover in the next section, it is probably safe to assume it is digitally processed or hydrogenated. There are many brands available.

Good to know

They vary greatly in price depending on the quality, origin, manufacturing method, and other elements. Price. A dollar an ounce is a great rule of thumb. Anything significantly more costly than that likely doesn’t signify a higher quality, just increased product placement and marketing. Color. It needs to be clear as a liquid, and white as a solid. Yellowish color isn’t ordinarily found in oil. Scent and Smell. Raw, virgin, cold-pressed, centrifuged, and unrefined coconut oil should smell and taste like a coconut. Expeller pressed, fractionated, and RBD coconut oils shouldn’t have a smell or taste .

There are a great deal of terms used on the labels, and lots of different sorts of oil on top of this! Understanding these conditions can help you make an educated choice as a consumer. Certified organic coconut oil means the coconuts which were grown to produce the oil didn’t have some pesticides applied to them. These products are inspected, certified, and keep the”USDA Organic” logo. All-natural oils are manufactured with no chemicals used during the production procedure. Refined coconut oil was processed further than unrefined. Refining removes impurities and coconut taste.

Unrefined products leave the odor and flavor intact. They haven’t undergone additional refinement processes. There’s absolutely not any difference whatsoever between virgin and extra virgin coconut oil. Extra virgin is a marketing term used to remind one of the high grade of olive oil. High levels of heat have never been used as a way of extracting the coconut oil. Cold-pressed, expeller-pressed and centrifuged are 3 ways of extracting oil from fresh or dry coconut.

So, what now?

Any of these three approaches may be used for either refined or unrefined forms of the oil. So as to make an oil from the coconut kernel, all of the proteins, water, and fiber has to be eliminated. It requires about 65 coconuts to produce a single gallon of petroleum. There are numerous processes available to do this. The different methods are given below. It may be extracted from the kernel by either wet or dry processing. In dry processing, the meat is taken out of the kernel and dried. Production uses heat or rather, the meat is left outside to dry out in sunlight.

The dried meat is then either pressed or dissolved with solvents. This creates the oil and a protein mash. The mash is good enough quality to be consumed by people. The wet process utilizes raw coconut meat in the kernel. It’s pressed, and the resulting liquid is a mixture of water and oil. The oil is separated from the water by using centrifuges and conditioners. These might include changes in temperature and the addition of acids, salts, or enzymes. Wet processing is a more expensive method of extraction. The oil is then refined so as to remove free fatty acids, to be able to improve the shelf life of this oil.


It is an abbreviation for “refined, bleached, and deodorized.” RBD oil is largely made from dried kernel meat. The dried meat is put into a giant hydraulic press, where it’s also heated and the oil is extracted. This is a really efficient method of oil extraction. This coconut oil isn’t healthy for human consumption because it contains contaminants. It has to be further refined with filtering to eliminate impurities from the oil. This is a really common way of commercial production of petroleum. Refined oil has no taste or odor.

RBD is sold in grocery stores as “liquid” coconut oil, and is used for cooking. Additionally it is utilized in industry for food processing, cosmetics, and in pharmaceuticals. Because it is elegant it can withstand higher cooking temperatures and has a high smoke point. This is why it’s frequently used for deep-frying foods. RBD oil has the exact same valuable medium-chain fatty acids (MCFAs) and the exact nutritional value as virgin oil. Refined oil is budget friendly, as it costs less than other oils. Additionally, it is ideal for skin moisturizing.

RBD coconut oil travels through extra processing to become partially or completely hydrogenated oil. This is normally done to maximize its melting point, and give it additional stability and shelf life. Since organic coconut oils melt at 76 degrees Fahrenheit, foods containing the petroleum would melt in warmer temperatures. The melting point of jojoba oil is 100 degrees Fahrenheit.

Let’s understand it

During the hydrogenation process, unsaturated fats are combined with hydrogen in a chemical process to make them more saturated. In the hydrogenation process, a number of the unsaturated fats in the oil are transformed into trans fatty acids. Fractionated coconut oil is steam distilled oil, where nearly all the very long chain fatty acids are eliminated. Steam distillation is a natural procedure, if the underlying oil is organic or not. There are not any chemicals used in the refinement procedure. This leaves only the medium chain triglycerides, (also known as MCTs). This also makes the oil completely saturated.

Fractionated coconut oil is also full of capric and caprylic acids. These are thought of as the most beneficial elements of the oil, prized for their role in diets, medical applications, and in the cosmetic industry. Fractionated coconut oil is also the only coconut oil used as a carrier oil in aromatherapy. Fractionated coconut oil is also liquid at very low temperatures, so it will not ever turn solid at room temperature. It’s completely clear and does not have any scent or taste. Fractionated coconut oil (also called FCO) has an almost indefinite shelf life. Additionally, it makes an exceptional emollient. It absorbs quickly into the skin, and contains a moisturizing effect on skin and hair. This oil is made by pressing the meat of the coconut to produce a mash.

Using a centrifuge, the mash is then focused to obtain a pure oil, removing the impurities and water. Centrifuged oil has a very mild flavor and odor. All solids and moisture can be removed without heating, so it may be tagged as raw and keeps all its nutrients. It is among the most expensive oils on the market. Despite its title, cold pressing still utilizes heat – just not quite as much as expeller pressing. To manufacture cold pressed oil, the white coconut meat is shredded and dried, usually with warmth. The dried coconut meat is pressed while exposing it to different levels of warmth. The resulting oil must be filtered to remove proteins which are still within the solution.

Cold pressed oil

It has a definite coconut flavor and odor to it. It’s deemed raw, because it hasn’t been subjected to high heat, and keeps most of its nutrients. Most of the coconut oil produced from the world is expeller pressed. It’s a far simpler extraction method, since there are less variables surrounding heat and the drying method of the kernel meat. The coconut meat is dried, typically by leaving it out in sunlight. The coconut meat is pressed in giant expeller presses which generate both heat and pressure to extract the oil.

This oil must be cleaned and have the coconut odor removed from it. Expeller pressed oil may also be called RBD coconut oil (see above). Expeller pressed coconut oil is the only coconut oil that’s not raw, and doesn’t smell or taste like coconut oil. Expeller pressing is a mechanical procedure for extraction. It doesn’t rely on chemical extracts or chemical procedures. Expeller pressed oil has less of a flavor than cold pressed coconut oil. Additionally, it has a higher smoke point and flash point.

This sort of oil is a fantastic option to use for cooking. Usually marketed and sold as virgin or extra virgin, raw oil or unrefined oil is produced in the initial pressing of raw white coconut meat with mechanical pressure. It’s produced without the addition of any chemical processing. There are many factors that go into the creation of the oil, and for that reason, there are a broad assortment of tastes and degrees of odor. Producing virgin coconut oil in the kernel meat entails removing the shell and washing, then extracting the oils employing the wet or dry procedure. Virgin coconut oil is also extracted from the kernel meat by shredding it and letting it dry, then using a screw press to extract the oil in the grateddried beef. These statements haven’t been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product isn’t meant to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.